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What Is Vertical Farming

Vertical Farming (VF) is reshaping the traditional ‘Horizontal Farming’ processes which requires a lot of land to produce fewer products than VF. Vertical Farming is a more efficiently controlled environment of agriculture. Instead of growing crops in traditional horizontal rows, vertical farming involves stacking layers of crops on top of one another. Vertical growth increases crop output per square foot of land and conserves space. Vertical farms are typically found indoors, as in a warehouse, where there are systems in place that can regulate the environmental factors that help plants grow.

Even though this process of farming has revolution the farming industry, there are still some disadvantages that it bring along such as the negative impact to local farming communities who depend on farming labour as a source of income. In this article, we will highlight the Advantages and Disadvantages of Vertical Farming alongside a infographic to depict the information listed.

Advantages Of Vertical Farming

Reduced Costs

Farmers can also significantly cut down on the total harvest time while also boosting the harvest volume without having to compromise on either the flavour or the quality.

Consistent Crop Production

It’s extremely reliable and farmers can ensure consistent crop production. VF is not dependant on weather conditions and allows farmers to cultivate crops without having be concerned about adverse weather conditions.

Reduced Water Usage

VF involves a Hydroponic growing process where only 10% of the water is used which means fewer fertilizers and nutrients are needed. Since the water is completely clean even after usage, it can be reused and cuts down on waste.

Optimal Use Of Space

VF has a stacking growth system. Due to this system, you can achieve more productivity in a smaller patch of land.

Low Transport Costs

Last-mile is often deemed as the most expensive aspect of the entire supply chain but VF allows farmers to grow crops anywhere. Crops can be grown in an area closer to consumers thereby reducing transport costs.

Less Labour Costs

With automated indoor systems, there is less of a need for human capital to work for consistent annual production. There will still need to be labour to manage and pack the harvest but VF reduces the additional costs.

No Chemicals or Pesticides

VFs are practiced in a controlled environment that prohibits the entry of pests. This prevents crop damage and reduces the chance of a range of fungal ailments as the humidity levels are now constantly managed.

Disadvantages Of Vertical Farming

Less Pollination

With Vertical Farms being in enclosed and prevents any entrance of insects which results in less pollination. Cultivators need to consider manual pollination but this will require intensive and extravagant practices.

Technical Issues

VF does not just use one specific technology. It is dependent on a range of technologies for lighting, regulating temperature, managing humidity, etc. If 1 process fails, this can affect the whole system and reduce productivity.

The Impact To Communities

There is a negative effect for the local communities that are dependant on agriculture

Technological failures could lead to major problems

Another problem with vertical farming is its heavy dependence on technology. If the irrigation system or electricity fail, this can cause massive damage to the plants.

It is therefore worthwhile to protect the connected technology several times in order to prevent a total failure.


Disclaimer: It is important to note that these Advantages and Disadvantages are general points that are not necessarily reflective of every element within the industry but general ones that have been mentioned to our consultants during conversations they have had. Even though there are many more benefits of VF than criticisms, it is still important to understand that VF may not work for every crop or geographical areas.

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